The 70th Week of Daniel is an eschatological and prophetic term referring to the final 7 years of this age. Almost 6 centuries B.C., God sent the archangel Gabriel to speak a prophetic message to an Israelite, Daniel, when the Israelites were in captivity in Babylon. The message applied to the holy people, Israel, and to their holy city, Jerusalem. It refers to a time period of 70 “weeks” of years (490 years).
According to the angel Gabriel, it had been decreed by God, concerning Daniel’s “people” (Israel) and their “holy city” (Jerusalem), that the following things would come to pass by the end of the 70 “weeks” of years
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The concept of the final 7-year period, which would begin with the confirmation of some type of convenant, comes from
27And he shall confirm brit [covenant] with rabbim [the many] for one heptad [week of seven years]; and in the midst of the heptad he shall cause the zevach [sacrifice] and the minchah [gift offering] to cease. And on the kenaf [wing or overspreading] of the abominations is one making desolate, even until the complete destruction, a destruction that is decreed, shall be poured out upon the Shomem [Desolator, Destroyer]. (Daniel 9:27—OJB)
Many of those who have studied this prophecy feel that the “he” who would confirm the covenant, involving Israel, would be the man commonly known as the Antichrist or “the beast.” The conventional belief is that this man will confirm some type of peace accord involving Israel, with an allowance for them to build their Third Temple; but in the midst of the 7-year period, he will break the covenant and cause desolation in Israel. Then he will blaspheme and slander God and will rule over the nations of the world for 42 months = 3˝ years
Indeed, in 2006, Israel did engage in a seven-year agreement or accord with several other nations. In fact, Israel was the first non-European nation to sign on to the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), which was in effect from January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2013—exactly seven years. The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument with Israel shows one of the documents in this agreement.
A subsequent agreement or accord was in effect for the next 7-year period, from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2020—exactly seven years. It was called the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) and, essentially, was a renewal and continuance of the initial ENP agreement. The ENI also included Israel, just as the ENP did.
Many felt that the 7-year ENI accord was a confirmation of the original ENP covenant and was a fulfillment of
Another agreement, the Next Generation EU (NGEU), combined with the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), followed the ENI. One of the main provisions is to help Europe’s recovery from the coronavirus and to help rebuild a post-COVID-19 Europe. It is in effect from January 1, 2021, through December 31, 2027—exactly 7 years. However, there appears to be no connection to Israel in this agreement, so it is doubtful that it has anything to do with the confirmation of a covenant, involving Israel, for 7 years in
Therefore, perhaps the prophesied confirmation of a covenant involving Israel has nothing to do with a man-made covenant but, rather, a God-made covenant. Indeed, long ago, God did engage in a covenant with Israel. Over time, though, Israel became disobedient and unfaithful, giving their allegiance to other gods
Presumably then, in the next verse,
At the Last Supper, the night before being crucified on Pesach or Passover, Jesus indicated that the final cup of wine that they drank represented the blood which would pour out from His broken body; and His blood was indicative of the new covenant that He was re-establishing with Israel
As such, it seems likely that, at some future time, it is Jesus who again would confirm the sacrificial blood covenant that He had re-established with Israel, with His shed blood, on the evening before His death. He had restored that covenant at the end of the 69 weeks of years, when He was crucified and His blood was shed for them. Feasibly, the confirmation of this holy covenant would take place at or near the beginning of the 70th week, which did not follow immediately and chronologically after the 69 weeks of years. Rather, after a lengthy gap of time, the prophesied 70th Week will be the final 7 years of this age prior to Jesus’ physical return to earth to rule and reign over the whole world.
This happened on the day following the first two days of Rosh haShanah (the earliest of the Hebraic Feast and Holy Days in the Fall of the year), when the first tiny sliver of the new moon was visible. It would have been an eminently appropriate time for the confirmation of God’s covenant with Israel to take place and for the prophetic 70th week—the final 7 years of this age—to begin relatively soon, on God’s calendar vs. man’s calendar. It finally was time for them to understand that Yeshua/Jesus not only is their Messiah but also was their ultimate and final sacrifice for sins, almost 2,000 years ago.
That sign in the sky happened to occur on a Shabbat Shuvah, the Sabbath of Repentance and Return, during the 40-day season of Teshuvah. Therefore, it is quite possible that God, in His great mercy, alloted a gap of a handful of years of time for widespread repentance and return to the one true God and to the Savior of Israel and the world, Jesus. Unfortunately, widespread repentance and return did not take place; so the final 7 years of this age, the 70th Week, may have begun in the Fall of 2020. If so, the end of the age could be in the Fall of 2027. Many more details can be found in this very lengthy commentary: End of the Age: 2024 – 2027?
Many cannot believe it is possible that the final 7 years of this age could have begun if there is no Third Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, if a “Pre-tribulation” Rapture has not taken place, and if the Gog/Magog hordes have not attacked Israel. However, as explained in Third Temple, Rapture & Gog/Magog, it should seem evident that none of these are prerequisites for the final 7 years to begin.
|Sanhedrin Third Temple Ritual
in Jerusalem: Altar Dedication
Since then, sacrificial offerings have been performed on the altar. In fact, there was a precedent for this prior to the building of the Second Temple long ago, when an altar was built and sacrificial burnt offerings were offered on it before the foundation of the temple had even been laid
Since most of the nation has not recognized the renewal of their covenant with God, and has not acknowledged that Yeshua/Jesus is their true Messiah, then somehow He may see to it that their continuing sacrifices and offerings in Jerusalem are brought to an end in the midst of the final week of 7 years
These events will take place approximately 3˝ years following the commencement of the 70th week. If the 70th Week began in the Fall of 2020, then it would seem that the dreadful period of Great Tribulation should begin at some point during the Spring of 2024. Indeed, the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, which began in October 2023, most likely was the most significant military challenge to Israel in the previous 50 years, since the Yom Kippur War in October of 1973. It very well may have been an advance warning by God that the onset of the Great Tribulation could be only 6 months later, in the Spring of 2024.
Whenever that horrific period begins, Jesus can be expected to return to Jerusalem again 3˝ years later, set up the Kingdom of God on earth, and rule and reign over the whole world for 1,000 years: the Millennium. Jesus, the brilliant and dazzling light at the end of a very dark tunnel, will establish a magnificent and wonderful utopia never experienced before in human history.